How to Get a Driver’s License In Nigeria (Requirements & Costs 2024)


How to Get a Driver’s License in Nigeria: Requirements and Costs in 2024

Just bought a new car? Hurrah! And if not, I would say 'nothing spoiled'. After all, there are just about 12 million motor vehicles in the country. Chances are that you are not among the vehicle owners in Nigeria. You shouldn't be shocked to realize that there are more vehicles in Canada than in Nigeria, despite the former having less than 40 million inhabitants compared to Nigeria's over 200 million population.

Nigeria accounts for 11,869,800 vehicles, or 75 percent of the total motor vehicles in West Africa. Maybe it's something else we can be proud of other than our population, delicious Jolof Rice, over-active entertainment industries (music and Nollywood), massive presence on social media, our resilience, and our almighty Super Falcons, the Nigeria Women National Team.

Just so you know, cars aren't the only reason you need a driving license in Nigeria. Either for private or commercial use, you sure need one for bikes, motorcycles, and buses, among others.

So, you want to learn how to get a driver's license in Nigeria in 2024? That's a great goal! Getting a driver's license can be a little confusing, but I'll break it down for you and make it as easy as possible. I'll walk you through the process step-by-step and provide you with all the information you need to get your license as quickly and easily as possible.

Why Do You Need A License In Nigeria?


Nigeria may not be among the countries with the ten (10) best motorable roads in Africa, and we're definitely not in the top 50 in the world either. Our road network is equally in bad shape—very bad. But that is not a reason to not have or acquire a driving license. I mean, we need it for privacy, for survival, for transportation business, etc.

A driver's license is like an official passport to the world of driving. It's not just a piece of plastic; it's proof you know the rules, respect the road, and prioritize safety. Plus, without it, you might end up on the wrong side of the law—of course, no one wants that!

Some of the reasons why getting a driver's license in Nigeria is essential are:

  1. Legality and Safety:

Drive Without Fear: A valid driver's license proves you've undergone proper training and possess the necessary skills to operate a vehicle safely. This not only protects you but also ensures the safety of other road users.

Avoid Fines and Penalties: Just like anywhere else, driving without a license is illegal and can attract hefty fines, vehicle seizures, and even prosecution. Save yourself the hassle and potential legal trouble by getting licensed.

  1. Freedom and Independence:

Go Where You Want, When You Want: With a license, you're not reliant on public transport like taxis, Marua (tricycle), Danfo, Okada (motorcycle), etc. You can explore hidden gems, visit family and friends across the country, and create your own adventures.

Expand Your Job Opportunities: Many jobs, from delivery drivers to Uber/Bolt drivers, require a valid license. Having one opens up a wider range of career options and potential for earning.

  1. Personal Identification and Security:

Officially Recognized ID: Your driver's license serves as a primary form of identification accepted by banks, government agencies, and businesses throughout Nigeria. A driving license can be used in place of an ID card, NIN, or international passport for almost everything you want to do in Nigeria.

Peace of Mind in Emergencies: In case of an accident or medical emergency, your license helps medical personnel identify you and contact your loved ones.

  1. Building Responsibility and Confidence:

Develop Essential Skills: Learning to drive teaches valuable skills like road safety awareness, decision-making under pressure, and spatial awareness. These skills translate into other areas of life, boosting your confidence and overall competence.

Sense of Accomplishment: Obtaining a driver's license in Nigeria is a personal achievement, marking one transition into responsible adulthood. It fosters a sense of self-reliance and pride.

  1. Economic Benefits:

Reduce Transportation Costs: Owning and driving your car can be more cost-effective than relying on public transportation in the long run, especially for frequent travelers.

Contribute to the Economy: Licensed drivers create jobs in car dealerships, driving schools, mechanic shops, and related industries, boosting the economy. It helps both you and the government in the long run.

  1. Social Opportunities:

Connect with Friends and Family: Road trips and weekend getaways with friends and family become easier and more enjoyable with your own car.

Expand Your Social Circle: Joining car clubs or communities connects you with like-minded individuals who share your passion for driving.

  1. Future Opportunities:

Travel Abroad: Many countries recognize Nigerian driver's licenses, allowing you to rent a car and explore the world at your own pace. The United Kingdom is a great example of a country that recognizes Nigerian driving licenses, though it has some limitations.

Open Doors to Further Education: Some higher education programs and professional certifications require a valid driver's license.

  1. Invest in yourself:

Getting a driver's license is an investment in your future. It opens doors to new opportunities, boosts your freedom and independence, and equips you with valuable skills that benefit you in various aspects of life.

Remember, driving in Nigeria is a privilege, not a right. Obtaining a license is the first step towards becoming a responsible and safe driver, contributing positively to Nigerian society while reaping the numerous benefits it offers.

Types of Licenses

Not all licenses are created equal. In Nigeria, you have options based on your driving needs:

  • Private: For everyday driving, from your morning commute to weekend adventures.
  • Commercial: If you're driving for work (taxis, buses, trucks), this is your type.
  • Motorcycle/Tricycle: Perfect for zipping through traffic on two or three wheels.

Other categories, such as diplomatic, learner's permits, etc., have specific requirements.

Types of Driver's Licenses in Nigeria

  • Class A: motorcycles and scooters.
  • Class B: cars, light trucks, and small pick-up trucks.
  • Class C: Minibuses and vans.
  • Class D: Taxis and stage carriages.
  • Class E: buses and articulated vehicles.
  • Class F: Tractors and agricultural machines.
  • Class G: heavy-duty trucks and trailers.

Requirements to Obtain a Driver's License in Nigeria



Here are the main requirements for getting a driving license in Nigeria:

1. You must be at least 18 years old.

18 is the minimum age for getting a driver's license in Nigeria. If you're younger than 18, you'll need to wait until you reach the minimum age before you can apply for a license. While you wait, you can take driving lessons from a qualified instructor to help you prepare for the driving test.

2. A National Identification Number (NIN) or a valid passport.

The second requirement for getting a driver's license in Nigeria is having a valid Nigerian National Identification Number (NIN) or a valid passport. Your NIN is a unique number that is assigned to you by the National Identity Management Commission (NIMC). If you don't have a NIN, you can apply for one at any NIMC enrollment center. To apply, you'll need to bring a valid form of identification, such as your birth certificate or driver's license. Once you have a NIN, you can use it to apply for a driver's license.

3. You must have a valid address in Nigeria.

Of course, you must have a valid address in Nigeria. I mean, a physical address where you can receive mail and other official communications. If you don't have an address in Nigeria, you can use the address of a friend or family member who lives in Nigeria. I doubt there's anyone without an address, though.

4. You must have a valid medical certificate from a registered medical practitioner.

The fourth requirement is that you must have a valid medical certificate from a registered medical practitioner. This means that you must have a certificate from a doctor who is registered with the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria (MDCN). The certificate must show that you are in good health and that you are fit to drive.

5. You must pass the driving test.

The driving test is administered by the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) and consists of both a written and practical exam. The written exam tests your knowledge of the rules of the road, while the practical exam tests your ability to actually drive. You'll need to pass both parts of the test in order to get your driver's license.

6. You must pay the required fees.

The final requirement is that you must pay the required fees. These fees include the application fee, the test fee, and the license fee. The total cost of getting a driver's license in Nigeria varies depending on your location and the type of license you're applying for. Generally, the total cost ranges from N15,000 to N50,000.

How to Enroll in a Driving Class in Nigeria

To enroll in a driving class in Nigeria, the first step is to find a reputable driving school. You can search online or ask for recommendations from friends or family. Once you've found a driving school you're interested in, you'll need to contact them to inquire about their enrollment process.

Most driving schools will require you to submit an application form and pay a registration fee. They may also require you to pass a basic eye test and show proof of your identity. After you've completed these steps, you can start attending classes and working towards getting your license.

Below are some of the best driving schools in Nigeria:

Lagos:

  • Coscharis Mobility Driving Academy
  • A1 Driving School and Motoring
  • Insight Driving School
  • Steerite Driving School
  • Nevada Driving School

Abuja:

  • Driving School Nigeria
  • Ultimate Driving School Ltd
  • Gamsgreens Driving School
  • Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) Driving School
  • Safety First Driving School

Rivers State:

  • RSSP Geschenk Ltd
  • City International Driving School
  • Links Driving Schools Ltd
  • No5, Old Airport Estate Behind Big-Treat Rumuomasi PH
  • 3B, Omuma Close, Bhd Nextime Spmkt, off Abacha Rd Phc

How to Obtain a Driver's License Application Form

Here's the process in step-by-step detail:

Step 1: Visit a driver's license office or FRSC office.

To start the process, the first step is to visit a driver's license office or a FRSC office. These offices are located in most major cities in Nigeria. You can find a list of offices on the FRSC website. Once you've located an office near you, you'll need to go there during business hours. When you arrive, you'll need to fill out a request form and provide the required documents. These documents include your birth certificate, passport photograph, and proof of address.

Step 2: Fill out a request form and provide the required documents.

The request form is a standard form that you'll need to fill out to get the application form. This form asks for basic information, like your name, date of birth, and address. It also asks for the reason why you're applying for a driver's license. Once you've filled out the form, you'll need to provide the required documents. These documents include your birth certificate, passport photograph, and proof of address. Some offices may also require other documents, like a national identity card.

Step 3: Receive the application form and fill it out completely.

Once you've provided the required documents and completed the request form, you'll be given the driver's license application form. This is the form that you'll need to fill out to apply for your license. It's important to fill out this form completely and accurately. If you make any mistakes, it could delay the process or even result in your application being rejected.

Step 4: Submit the application form and pay the required fees.

Once you've filled out the application form, you'll need to submit it and pay the required fees. The fees vary depending on the type of license you're applying for and the state you live in. You can usually pay the fees by cash or bank transfer. Make sure to keep the receipt as proof of payment.

Step 5: Take the written and practical exams.

Step 5 is when you take the written and practical exams. The written exam tests your knowledge of the traffic laws and road signs in Nigeria. The practical exam tests your driving skills. It's important to prepare for both exams by studying the material beforehand. You can find study guides online or at your local driver's license office.

Step 6: Receive your driver's license!

Once you've passed the exams, you'll need to wait for your license to be processed and printed. This usually takes a few weeks. Once it's ready, you'll need to go back to the driver's license office to pick it up.

Online Application Form

To get the application form, Head to nigeriadriverslicence.org, the official website for all things license-related. Create an account, fill out the online form, and upload your documents—your NIN, medical certificate, and driving school certificate. Remember, accuracy is key—no typos allowed!

Fees and Payments

When it comes to the fees and payments for getting a driver's license in Nigeria, there are several different costs involved. The first is the application fee, which is usually around ₦3,000. This covers the cost of processing your application and issuing your license. There is also a license fee, which is usually around ₦5,000. This fee covers the cost of your physical license.

Also, you may be required to pay a road tax fee, which is usually around ₦1,000. Finally, you may need to pay an agent's fee if you use a third-party service to help you apply for your license. These fees can vary depending on the service you use, but they are usually around ₦5,000.

Nigeria is a very bureaucratic country, so you may experience some officials demanding for it's, and this as well varies from state to state. States in the northern part of the country are likely to demand fewer tips than their southern counterparts.

In total, the fees and payments for getting a driver's license in Nigeria can range from ₦10,000 to ₦50,000. Keep in mind that these are estimates, and the actual fees may vary.

Like I said, fees vary depending on your license type, so prepare for:

  • Driver Training: The school will let you know their fees. Though prepared for ₦5,000 to ₦15,000.
  • Application Fees: Around ₦5,000 - ₦10,000 for private licenses, a bit more for commercial licenses.
  • Test Fees: Theory and practical driving tests have separate fees, usually under ₦2,000–₦5,000 each.
  • Biometric Capture and Printing: Around ₦3,000–₦5,000 to finalize your license and get it printed.
  • Optional Digital License: A handy app version of your license for a small fee.

Please note that these are the current fees you're required to spend to acquire a driver's license in Nigeria. However, these also vary and can change at any time.

How to Carried Out the Driving Test:

Two tests stand between you and your license. First, the theory test: these include learning the various road signs, traffic rules, and safe driving practices. Don't panic; study materials are available online and at driving schools.

Next, the practical test: show your skills behind the wheel at a Vehicle Inspection Office (VIO). Once you are familiar with the theory test, you'll have to put it into practice by driving. You'll be monitored by a VIO agent or officials who will confirm your driving skills.

Biometric Capture—Final Countdown:

Once you pass the tests, you will have to go for data capture. Visit a designated FRSC center for biometric capture around your area or state, and make sure your fingerprint is scanned and the photo shoot is complete.

After this processing, your license will be on its way!

Congratulations! You've earned your driver's license, a symbol of responsibility and freedom. Remember, with great power comes great responsibility. Always drive safely, respect other road users, and make Nigeria's roads a safer place for everyone. Happy driving!

Additional:

Beware of scammers! Nigeria is one of the most corrupt countries out there, despite ranking as the second most prayerful country in the world; Afghanistan is the first. Avoid unauthorized agents promising shortcuts. Stick to the official channels. Even though we have a bureaucracy you will pass through, it's still worth doing the right thing.

  • Common challenges: missing documents, test anxiety, long processing times—stay calm and follow the procedures.

FAQs: Check the FRSC website for answers to burning questions.

  • Downloadable application forms and templates: Find them on the FRSC website.
  • Helpful resources and official websites: nigeriadriverslicence.org, frsc.gov.ng
  • Remember, this is just a guide. For the latest updates and specific details, always check the official FRSC website.

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